A tattoo is a form of body modification where a design is made by inserting ink, dyes and pigments, either indelible or temporary, into the dermis layer of the skin to change the pigment. The art of making tattoos is tattooing. Tattoos fall into three broad categories: purely decorative; symbolic; and pictorial.
The oldest known tattooed human skin to date is found on the body of Ötzi the Iceman, who was estimated between 3370 and 3100 BC. His body was found in the Alps and had 61 tattoos of simple dots and lines using carbon ink.
In 1891, the first electric tattoo machine was invented and patented by Samuel O’Reilly. The tattoo gun stemmed from Edison’s electric pen when O’Reilly added needles and an ink reservoir.
Only 5% of Americans have had one tattoo covered up by another tattoo.
A tattoo gun can puncture the skin between 50 and 3,000 times per minute, penetrating the skin about one millimeter deep in the skin to the dermis.
58% of women have at least one tattoo, while only 41% of men have one. However, women are twice as likely to get their tattoos removed than men
Tattoo removal has been performed with various tools since the start of tattooing. While tattoos are generally considered permanent, it is now possible to remove them with treatments, fully or partially. The “standard modality for tattoo removal” is the non-invasive removal of tattoo pigments using Q-switched lasers.
Tattoo Removal Method
Tattoo removal can be achieved in a number of ways, ranging from laser treatments, chemical peels, dermabrasion and surgical excision.
Laser Tattoo Removal
Nearly 30% of people in the U.S. have at least one tattoo. Almost half of all millennials have one. But not all of them are happy about their decision. As many as 25% of those with a tattoo say they regret getting it.
If you’re in that 25%, there is good news. Laser tattoo removal techniques can get rid of your unwanted tattoo with minimal side effects.
Lasers remove tattoos by breaking up the pigment colors with a high-intensity light beam. Black tattoo pigment absorbs all laser wavelengths, making it the easiest color to treat. Other colors can only be treated by selected lasers based upon the pigment color.
How effective is laser tattoo removal
If you are suffering from tattoo regret, laser tattoo removal is the most effective method to eliminate your tattoo ink without scarring. It is safe for all skin tones and works on virtually all inks.
In just a few laser sessions, your skin can be ink-free. Astanza has developed the highest powered multi-wavelength tattoo removal system on the market, the Trinity, to produce fast results, no matter the complexity of your tattoo.
- Age of Tattoo
- Density of Ink
- Ink Composition
- Depth of Pigment Insertion
- Tattoo Color
- Patient Health
What is the most effective laser for tattoo removal
Three types of lasers are currently used for tattoo removal: Q-switched ruby laser (694 nm), Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (532 nm, 1064 nm), and Q-switched alexandrite laser (755 nm). The Q-switched ruby and alexandrite lasers are useful for removing black, blue and green pigments
Tattoo Removal Creams
Tattoo removal creams are applied to tattooed skin in hopes of erasing the ink. Many are available in department stores or online retailers, but there’s little evidence that tattoo removal creams actually remove tattoos.
Most of these products don’t even claim to remove tattoos entirely. Instead, they claim to help make your tattoos less noticeable.
Tattoo removal creams also carry serious side effects, including burning and scarring.
Keep reading to learn more about why tattoo removal creams don’t work and what methods you can use to fully remove tattoos without harming your body or damaging your skin.
These creams claim to remove tattoos by bleaching or peeling away the top layer of your skin (epidermis). Some even claim to replace the white blood cells on your skin (macrophages) that are filled with tattoo ink.
Tattoo ink is injected into the next layer of your skin (dermis), so many of these surface-level treatments by tattoo removal creams are ineffective at removing the tattoo ink. At best, a cream will make the tattoo fade away, leaving a distorted, discolored version of the tattoo that can become a permanent scar.
Tattoo removal creams also contain chemicals, such as the peeling agent trichloroacetic acid, that are also used in treatments for other skin conditions. Although trichloroacetic acid is regularly used by healthcare professionals for professional skin treatments, it can be dangerous to use at home without supervision.
Chemicals like trichloroacetic acid are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but their use in these creams isn’t. No tattoo removal cream currently on the market has been approved by the FDA.
The chemicals in these products can cause painful side effects, including:
- permanent scarring
- permanent skin discoloration